Crypto Grizz

The Crypto Lightning Network Breakthrough

The Lightning Network Is Needed To Increase The Adaptability Of Bitcoin And Other Cryptocurrencies

Are Social Tokens The Next Big Thing In Crypto

Since block speed and block size cannot be changed without compromising speed, the only solution is to, and that’s to somehow process BTC transactions outside of the Bitcoin network

#bitcoin #scaling #lightning

Bitcoin Lightning Network: This You NEED TO KNOW!! ⚡️

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Aug 17, 2021

 

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The Crypto Lightning Network Breakthrough

FULL TRANSCRIPT

00:01
when bitcoin creator satoshi nakamoto
00:03
introduced the bitcoin white paper in
00:05
the fall of 2008 he wrote quote i’ve
00:09
been working on a new electronic cash
00:11
system that’s fully peer-to-peer with no
00:14
trusted third party now the first reply
00:17
to satoshi’s message was quote we very
00:20
very much need such a system but the way
00:22
i understand your proposal it does not
00:25
seem to scale to the required size
00:28
ever since that reply developers around
00:31
the world satoshi included have been
00:33
working on ways to make the bitcoin
00:35
blockchain scalable enough to support
00:37
the world’s population
00:39
though there have been many attempts to
00:41
tackle bitcoin’s scalability issues only
00:44
one implementation has stood the test of
00:46
time
00:48
this scaling solution is called the
00:50
lightning network and over the last year
00:53
it’s seen a surge in adoption from
00:55
individuals businesses and even
00:57
governments for fast and fearless btc
01:00
payments
01:01
today i’m going to tell you everything
01:03
you need to know about the lightning
01:05
network where it came from what it is
01:08
how it works and why the lightning
01:10
network will lead to the mass adoption
01:13
of bitcoin
01:18
[Music]
01:20
before i can bring the thunder there’s a
01:22
disclaimer you need to ponder
01:25
i can’t give you any financial advice
01:27
because i’d end up in a cage i’m a free
01:29
man and i’d prefer to stay that way so
01:32
give your financial advisor a call if
01:34
you need help with that sort of stuff
01:35
okay
01:37
if this is your first time in this
01:39
corner of the tube my name is guy and
01:41
crypto is what i do the coin bureau is
01:44
home to the highest quality crypto
01:45
content in the world
01:47
coins tokens news reviews market moves
01:50
and more
01:51
if this is the sort of stuff that
01:53
interests you subscribing to the channel
01:55
and pinging that notification bell is
01:57
the right thing to do
01:59
i’ve left a few timestamps in the video
02:01
timeline to enhance your viewing
02:02
experience you can use them to skip
02:04
ahead or watch the whole way through if
02:06
you’re serious so now that you know what
02:09
i do let’s dive into bitcoin’s leading
02:12
layer 2.
02:14
to understand what the lightning network
02:15
is how it works and why it’s important
02:18
you need to be familiar with a few
02:19
bitcoin basics
02:21
bitcoin was designed to be a
02:23
peer-to-peer electronic cash system as
02:25
per the title of the bitcoin white paper
02:28
bitcoin is the payment system or network
02:30
whereas btc is the electronic cash
02:33
itself
02:34
as highlighted by the first reply to
02:36
bitcoin creator satoshi nakamoto the
02:39
bitcoin network is unable to scale
02:41
enough to make it possible for everyone
02:43
on the planet to use btc as a payment
02:45
method
02:46
now scaling is basically just a
02:48
technical term for speed
02:50
the bitcoin network can only handle
02:52
around seven transactions per second or
02:54
tps for short
02:56
by contrast visa handles around 1700 tps
03:00
on any given day and it can scale up to
03:02
65 000 tps if need be
03:06
visa’s upper tps limit has consequently
03:08
become the benchmark for optimal speed
03:10
in cryptocurrency and as i mentioned in
03:13
my video about the fastest
03:14
cryptocurrencies there’s only one that
03:17
has achieved this degree of scalability
03:20
bitcoin is obviously nowhere close to
03:22
this benchmark and this is because of
03:24
its block size and block time
03:27
allow me to explain
03:28
the bitcoin network is actually a
03:30
blockchain which is just a distributed
03:32
record of transactions that’s shared by
03:35
all computers connected to the network
03:37
these transactions are batched into
03:39
blocks hence the word blockchain
03:42
each bitcoin block is only one megabyte
03:45
large and because each btc transaction
03:48
has a digital size two only 2700 or so
03:51
can fit in each bitcoin block
03:54
this limited space is why there are
03:56
transaction fees to incentivize the
03:58
computer’s verifying btc transactions
04:00
called miners to include a btc
04:03
transaction in the next block
04:05
when you divide that number by bitcoin’s
04:07
block creation time of roughly 10
04:09
minutes you get about seven transactions
04:12
per second easy maths now given these
04:15
facts you might be thinking that the
04:16
simple solution to bitcoin’s scalability
04:19
problem is to increase the block size
04:21
increase the block time or both
04:24
this is actually what many bitcoin forks
04:26
have done or tried to do
04:28
the only problem there is that doing any
04:31
of those would compromise the security
04:33
of the bitcoin network now this is why
04:35
satoshi designed bitcoin the way he did
04:38
if the block size is too large
04:39
eventually only a handful of computers
04:41
will be able to store the full history
04:43
of btc transactions because it would be
04:46
too large for most of them to handle
04:48
if the block time is too fast it limits
04:51
the number of computers that can verify
04:53
transactions on time and if there are
04:55
too many you’d quickly end up with
04:56
conflicting btc transaction histories
05:00
this means there is only one solution
05:02
left and that’s to somehow process btc
05:05
transactions outside of the bitcoin
05:07
network or off chain at a faster speed
05:10
without compromising security or
05:12
increasing costs
05:14
this is where the lightning network
05:16
comes in
05:18
the lightning network has its roots in
05:20
satoshi nakamoto’s earliest writings but
05:22
its creation is credited to two
05:25
brilliant developers the deus dryer and
05:27
joseph poon
05:29
the deus is a long time bitcoin
05:31
developer and currently works at mit’s
05:33
digital currency initiative where he
05:35
focuses on cryptocurrency scaling and
05:38
interoperability
05:40
it’s possible that the deus is involved
05:42
in the development of the united states
05:44
upcoming digital dollar given that uncle
05:46
sam has partnered with mit to create it
05:49
joseph poon is also a long-time bitcoin
05:52
developer and shifted his focus to
05:53
ethereum in 2017 when he co-authored the
05:56
plasma white paper with ethereum founder
05:59
vitalik buterin
06:01
for those who don’t know plasma is a
06:03
popular ethereum scaling solution
06:05
leveraged by crypto projects such as
06:06
polygon which i’ve covered in detail on
06:09
this channel
06:10
the deus and joseph began brainstorming
06:12
ideas about how to scale bitcoin in 2014
06:15
after seeing how inefficient some of the
06:18
other scaling solutions were
06:20
the pair first penned the lightning
06:22
network white paper in february 2015 and
06:25
subsequently presented their invention
06:26
at an annual bitcoin conference in san
06:28
francisco where they’d met the year
06:30
before
06:32
in january 2016 the duo founded a
06:34
company called lightning labs along with
06:36
two other bitcoin enthusiasts to develop
06:39
the lightning network
06:41
after more than two years of hard work
06:43
and help from bitcoin developers like
06:45
blockstream the lightning network was
06:47
completed in february 2018.
06:50
this occasion was marked by the purchase
06:52
of two pizzas using btc on lightning by
06:56
laszlo hagnex if this scenario sounds
06:58
familiar it’s because laszlo is the man
07:00
who made the first ever purchase with
07:03
bitcoins in may 2010 when he bought two
07:06
pizzas for 10 000 btc
07:08
461 million six hundred and fifty
07:11
thousand dollars at current prices to
07:12
save you the maths
07:14
in march 2018 lightning labs received
07:18
over 2.5 million dollars in funding from
07:21
prolific investors including twitter ceo
07:23
jack dorsey
07:24
a few days later the lightning network
07:26
was deemed ready for regular bitcoin
07:29
users the lightning network has seen
07:32
some serious adoption since then case in
07:34
point in less than a month’s time el
07:36
salvador will become the first country
07:39
to use the lightning network for btc
07:41
payments i’ll get back to that in a
07:43
moment but first i should probably
07:45
explain how the lightning network works
07:49
unlike most layer 2 networks for
07:51
cryptocurrency the lightning network is
07:53
not a blockchain
07:55
instead it consists of a series of
07:57
interconnected payment channels created
08:00
by two parties on the bitcoin network
08:02
now i know that’s a big definition to
08:04
take in so let’s break it down bit by
08:06
bit with a simple example
08:08
so
08:09
imagine there’s a restaurant you go to
08:11
every day because you’ve become such
08:14
good friends with the owner of the
08:15
restaurant he doesn’t always make you
08:17
pay at the end of every meal
08:19
better yet he gives you discounts or
08:21
even free food for helping out around
08:23
the restaurant or you know just being a
08:25
good and loyal customer
08:28
the restaurant owner keeps a record of
08:30
how much money you owe him for meals
08:32
minus the ones you got pro bono for
08:33
helping out and only asks you to pay up
08:36
at the end of each month when the
08:37
restaurant’s bills are due
08:40
this payment record you have with the
08:42
restaurant owner is not all that
08:43
different from the payment channels you
08:45
find on the lightning network
08:48
to understand how let’s imagine you and
08:50
the restaurant owner agree to settle
08:52
your monthly tab in btc and you’ve
08:54
decided to use the lightning network
08:57
this means you’ll have to create a
08:59
payment channel on the bitcoin
09:00
blockchain
09:02
this involves something called a
09:03
multi-signature wallet and as the name
09:06
suggests a multi-signature wallet is a
09:08
cryptocurrency wallet which will only
09:10
send out a transaction if the
09:12
signatories agree
09:14
in our example that’s you and the
09:16
restaurant owner
09:17
first you both deposit an amount of btc
09:20
into the multi-signature wallet
09:22
this amount must be worth the same or
09:24
more than what you expect to transact
09:26
next month for security reasons
09:29
you’ll see why in a second
09:31
this transaction on the bitcoin
09:33
blockchain creates a payment channel
09:34
which allows you to transact the btc you
09:37
deposited between each other instantly
09:39
as many times as you want for next to
09:41
nothing
09:42
this is because what you’re sending
09:44
between each other is not actually btc
09:47
but a digital iou of payments like the
09:49
physical iou record you are using for
09:52
regular money
09:53
put differently you’re just adjusting
09:55
how much of the btc in the
09:57
multi-signature wallet address each of
09:59
you will get when the payment channel is
10:01
closed
10:03
this record is updated every time a btc
10:06
transaction is made in your shared
10:08
payment channel and this record is kept
10:10
on both of your computers
10:12
it might help to think of it as a sort
10:14
of receipt
10:16
now whereas regular btc transactions
10:18
require at least one block to be
10:20
generated and can costs upwards of 50
10:22
dollars to push through
10:24
because you’re just passing around an
10:26
updated receipt between two computers
10:28
the only limiting factors are computer
10:31
hardware and internet speed
10:33
this makes transactions on the lightning
10:35
network lightning fast with tens of
10:38
thousands of transactions per second for
10:40
every connected computer
10:42
when the month is over the btc in the
10:44
multi-signature wallet is sent back to
10:46
each of your own btc wallet addresses
10:48
based on the balance of the final
10:50
digital iou receipts on both of your
10:53
computers
10:55
this creates a second transaction on the
10:57
bitcoin blockchain and closes the
10:59
payment channel
11:01
note that a payment channel can be kept
11:03
open indefinitely and can be closed at
11:05
any time by one or both parties
11:08
oh and it turns out that if you didn’t
11:10
pay what you owed the btc you put into
11:12
that multisig wallet will automatically
11:14
be sent to the restaurant owner
11:16
if he overcharges you the opposite
11:19
occurs
11:20
although this probably won’t happen
11:21
because you and the restaurant owner
11:23
trust each other this trust isn’t always
11:25
there when you’re transacting with
11:27
strangers which is why both parties
11:29
always have to pre-fund the multi-sig
11:31
wallet with some collateral to
11:33
incentivize good behavior
11:36
now this brings me to the
11:37
interconnectedness part of the payment
11:39
channels which make the lightning
11:41
network a global network and not just a
11:43
two-way street between two people
11:46
here’s how that works
11:48
suppose there’s another regular at the
11:50
restaurant let’s call him mad mike
11:53
now mad mike has a btc payment channel
11:55
open with the restaurant owner as well
11:57
he even has a btc payment channel open
12:00
with your barber
12:02
now when you see mad mike’s fresh cut
12:04
you realize you forgot to leave your
12:06
barber a tip the last time you were
12:07
there you’d like to pay this tip with
12:10
btc but you don’t have a payment channel
12:12
open with the barber
12:15
luckily the lightning network has got
12:17
you covered
12:18
instead of having to ring up your barber
12:19
and set up a payment channel with him
12:21
directly your btc tip can make it to his
12:24
wallet via the payment channels that
12:26
connect you together you and the
12:28
restaurant owner the restaurant owner
12:30
and mad mike and mad mike and the barber
12:34
if you happen to have a payment channel
12:36
open with mad mike the lightning network
12:38
will automatically route your btc tip
12:40
through him to minimize the distance it
12:42
needs to travel in the same way that
12:44
real lightning finds its way to the
12:46
ground based on the path of least
12:48
resistance in the atmosphere
12:50
you might be worried though that mad
12:52
mike might try and steal that btc tip in
12:54
transit since he’s a shady fellow but
12:56
the lightning network has got you
12:58
covered there too
12:59
btc payments made through intermediary
13:01
payment channels are secured by a
13:03
technology called hashed time locks
13:06
without getting too technical this
13:08
involves exchanging a secret code with
13:10
the end recipient first before any btc
13:13
is sent
13:14
once that secret is successfully
13:16
exchanged the corresponding amount of
13:18
btc is transferred if anything goes
13:21
wrong along the way such as one of the
13:22
connected computers going offline the
13:24
transaction is automatically cancelled
13:27
and the appropriate parties are punished
13:29
if it was a malicious act
13:31
the more payment channels there are the
13:33
faster and more far-reaching the
13:35
lightning network is
13:36
this connectivity means it’s possible
13:38
for the whole planet to use btc as
13:41
digital cache like satoshi envisioned
13:44
to further facilitate the growth of the
13:46
lightning network it was designed such
13:48
that it’s possible to create more than
13:50
one version
13:51
this means that anyone can create their
13:53
own custom version of the lightning
13:55
network and thanks to something called
13:57
the bolt protocol all versions of the
14:00
lightning network are interoperable
14:03
to top it all off the lightning network
14:05
can be used with any cryptocurrency
14:07
which supports multi-signature wallets
14:09
and hashed time locks which is almost
14:11
all of them
14:13
because the lightning network’s
14:14
interoperability features are not
14:16
limited to any one blockchain this means
14:18
you can instantly trade supported
14:20
cryptocurrencies between blockchains at
14:23
near zero costs without a cryptocurrency
14:26
exchange
14:27
with all these crazy features it should
14:29
come as no surprise that the lightning
14:31
network has grown exponentially over the
14:33
last year
14:35
at the time of shooting there are over
14:37
60 000 lightning network payment
14:39
channels around the world with over 100
14:41
million dollars in btc locked in its
14:44
multi-six
14:45
while actual user adoption of the
14:47
lightning network had a slow start the
14:49
pace picked up at the start of 2020 when
14:52
bitcoin lightning wallet developer zap
14:54
released the now famous strike app
14:57
zap is the company that helped the
14:58
government of el salvador make btc legal
15:01
tender
15:02
this was after the president took notice
15:04
of strike’s popularity in the country
15:06
thanks to its fearless remittance
15:07
payments powered by the lightning
15:09
network
15:10
when el salvador’s legal tender law goes
15:13
into effect at the beginning of
15:14
september we could see millions of
15:16
people transacting btc on the lightning
15:18
network
15:19
now less than one month after strike’s
15:21
2020 launch lightning labs announced
15:23
that it had raised another 10 million
15:25
dollars from a handful of heavyweight
15:27
investors
15:28
shortly after that lightning labs
15:30
released an update to its lightning
15:32
implementation that increased the amount
15:34
of btc that could be sent through
15:36
payment channels
15:38
this paved the way for more adoption of
15:40
the lightning network by larger players
15:42
in the crypto space including
15:43
cryptocurrency exchanges
15:46
late last year kraken announced that it
15:48
would be adding support for the
15:49
lightning network in february this year
15:51
ok x added support for the lightning
15:53
network
15:54
a few days later peer-to-peer
15:56
cryptocurrency exchange packs full
15:58
announced they had done the same
16:00
in march a crypto startup called moon
16:02
made it possible to pay with btc using
16:04
lightning online with any merchant that
16:07
accepts visa
16:09
in may tesla ceo elon musk took a break
16:12
from bashing bitcoin to praise the
16:13
potential of the lightning network
16:16
in june twitter ceo jack dorsey said he
16:18
plans on adding the lightning network to
16:20
twitter and its decentralized
16:22
counterpart bluesky
16:24
in june a canadian company called liquid
16:26
fintech corp became the first publicly
16:29
traded company whose sole purpose is to
16:31
develop lightning network infrastructure
16:34
and more recently a las vegas strip club
16:36
announced it had begun accepting
16:38
lightning network btc payments how’s
16:41
that for a use case
16:43
and speaking of use cases bitcoin
16:45
evangelist andreas antonopoulos believes
16:48
that it’s only a matter of time before
16:50
the lightning network is used as a quote
16:52
stream of money
16:54
for example instead of getting paid
16:56
bi-weekly or monthly you could be paid
16:58
by the hour or even by the minute thanks
17:01
to the speed and low cost of the
17:02
lightning network
17:04
instead of paying monthly or yearly for
17:06
a netflix or spotify subscription you
17:08
could pay for each minute of content you
17:10
consume on their platforms instead
17:13
and it’s not just payments where the
17:15
lightning network can be used either
17:17
some crypto companies such as zebedee
17:19
have combined btc with video games
17:22
making it possible for gamers to earn
17:24
sats by playing
17:25
play to earn gaming is what another
17:27
crypto project called axi infinity is
17:29
doing and you can learn all about that
17:31
by clicking that link up there in the
17:33
top right
17:36
now if you’re thinking that the
17:37
lightning network sounds too good to be
17:39
true you are partially correct
17:42
the lightning network has had its fair
17:44
share of issues and not all of these
17:46
have been resolved
17:48
dozens of code vulnerabilities have been
17:50
found since the network launched in 2018
17:53
so much so that many still consider it
17:55
to be in its testing stages even though
17:58
it’s technically fully operational
18:00
that said the lightning network’s
18:02
biggest problems are not technical
18:04
they’re structural
18:06
for starters depositing btc into a
18:08
multi-sig wallet to create a payment
18:10
channel makes that btc much harder to
18:12
sell since it often needs to be
18:14
transferred to the bitcoin blockchain
18:16
first before it can be exchanged for
18:18
fiat
18:19
this is becoming less of an issue over
18:21
time as more fiat payment pathways like
18:23
exchanges integrate the lightning
18:25
network but it’s still something that’s
18:27
not readily available to the average btc
18:30
holder
18:31
on that note if the price of btc were to
18:34
pump or dump too much you could see a
18:36
lot of payment channels close as
18:38
multi-sig participants sell their btc
18:40
because of profit or panic
18:42
this could shrink the size of the
18:44
lightning network and possibly even cut
18:46
off some btc holders on lightning from
18:48
off-ramps that accept btc via lightning
18:51
not only that but there are not many
18:53
incentives to keep a payment channel
18:55
open to begin with
18:56
fees on the lightning network rarely
18:58
exceed a handful of satoshi’s worth
19:00
fractions of a penny these are paid to
19:03
any intermediaries when btc moves
19:05
between payment channels now the average
19:08
user is unlikely to keep their btc
19:10
locked up on the lightning network for
19:12
pennies in profit
19:13
for the average user the value of the
19:15
lightning network comes from its utility
19:19
moreover when you send a btc transaction
19:21
across multiple payment channels on the
19:23
lightning network every single one of
19:26
the multi-sig wallets on the way must
19:28
have a btc balance that is larger than
19:31
or equal to the amount being sent
19:34
this makes larger transactions harder to
19:36
do
19:37
when you combine these pain points with
19:39
the cost of opening and closing payment
19:41
channels on the bitcoin blockchain you
19:43
end up with a lightning network that is
19:45
remarkably centralized with most traffic
19:48
taking place through custodial
19:50
intermediaries that are not that much
19:52
different from banks
19:53
this has historically been one of the
19:56
biggest criticisms of the lightning
19:57
network but this has also been improving
20:00
as time goes on
20:02
so this begs the question if operating a
20:05
payment channel on the lightning network
20:06
is not very profitable then where does
20:08
the incentive come from for the
20:10
individuals and institutions providing
20:12
this service
20:14
well as i mentioned in my video about
20:16
how hedge funds are making money off
20:17
robinhood traders when a product is for
20:20
free you are the product
20:23
in the case of the lightning network
20:25
it’s likely that most of the company’s
20:27
operating custodial lightning wallets
20:28
and services are closely tracking their
20:31
users transactions
20:33
it’s even possible that this tracking is
20:35
happening on the lightning network
20:36
itself through so-called watchtower
20:39
nodes which analyze payment channels for
20:41
any fraudulent transactions and notify
20:43
any affected users so they can close
20:46
their payment channel and claim their
20:48
btc
20:49
now though this sort of surveillance may
20:51
not be very profitable today it will
20:53
become more profitable as the adoption
20:56
of the lightning network continues
20:58
big business will want to see where all
21:00
the little people are spending their
21:02
money in real time and will gladly spend
21:04
some of their own to get this
21:06
information
21:07
interestingly enough this concern runs
21:10
contrary to the lightning network’s
21:11
supposedly superior privacy
21:15
some of you may remember the coin
21:16
telegraph headline from september last
21:18
year which read quote the irs offers a
21:21
625 000 bounty to anyone who can break
21:25
monero
21:26
what you may not remember is the end of
21:28
the headline which includes the
21:30
lightning network under the same bounty
21:33
this is a small but significant detail
21:36
because it implies that the lightning
21:37
network has a similar degree of privacy
21:40
to monero which offers the best privacy
21:42
of any cryptocurrency
21:45
the lightning network has been on the
21:46
radar of u.s regulators since last
21:49
summer when the irs published a document
21:51
that cited the rapid growth of the
21:52
network as cause for concern
21:56
although the document notes that
21:57
lightning labs has developed a tool to
21:59
track transactions on the lightning
22:00
network this tool can only be used by
22:03
someone operating a payment channel and
22:05
only for their own payment channel
22:08
in other words the only transactions
22:10
they can track are the ones they are
22:12
making with the other party in their
22:14
payment channel
22:15
they can’t track the transactions they
22:17
are rooting on behalf of someone else
22:21
now this has to do with the hashed
22:22
timelock technology i mentioned earlier
22:25
recall that this involves exchanging a
22:28
secret code between the sender and the
22:30
recipient before a transaction is made
22:33
when this transaction hops through all
22:35
the payment channels the participants in
22:38
between have no idea where that payment
22:40
came from where it’s going nor what
22:43
their position is in the transaction’s
22:45
path
22:46
so to use our restaurant example if i
22:49
send the btc tip to my barber through
22:51
the restaurant owner and mad mic neither
22:54
of the two knows which position they’re
22:57
in when that payment goes through nor do
22:59
they know who it came from or who it’s
23:02
going to
23:03
now this is of course easy to figure out
23:05
when you’re dealing with a small group
23:07
of people but as the lightning network
23:09
grows it gets harder and harder to trace
23:12
transactions
23:14
besides stuff like watchtowers the
23:16
biggest vulnerability of the lightning
23:17
network’s privacy has to do with the
23:19
transactions made on the bitcoin
23:21
blockchain when payment channels are
23:23
opened and closed with multi-sig wallets
23:26
these transactions look different than
23:28
regular transactions which makes them
23:30
that much easier for government-friendly
23:32
blockchain tracking firms such as
23:33
chainalysis to trace as it so happens
23:37
bitcoin’s upcoming taproot upgrade will
23:39
make multi-sig wallet transactions look
23:42
identical to regular transactions
23:45
after november there will be no telling
23:47
when someone is moving their btc on or
23:49
off the lightning network so what that
23:52
means is that bitcoin could offer monero
23:55
like privacy with visa level speed at
23:57
near zero fees thanks to the lightning
24:00
network
24:02
if the lightning network sees a similar
24:04
degree of adoption on other popular
24:05
cryptocurrency blockchains this could
24:08
usher in the cypherpunk future that
24:10
satoshi and so many others envisioned
24:13
it might just save cryptocurrency from
24:15
the incoming regulatory crackdown too
24:17
and you can learn more about that using
24:20
the link up there in the top right
24:24
now i could say so much more about the
24:26
lightning network but i’ll have to cut
24:28
it here folks so if you learned
24:30
something new today it would make my day
24:32
if you smash that like button better yet
24:35
subscribe to the channel and ping that
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if you’re craving more from the coin
24:43
bureau you can find me on twitter tiktok
24:45
and instagram
24:46
i provide in-depth crypto market updates
24:48
on the daily on my telegram too
24:51
my pride and joy though is my weekly
24:54
newsletter it’s jam-packed with all the
24:56
tips tools and tricks you need to make
24:58
your portfolio better and you can even
25:01
see how i’m adjusting my personal
25:03
cryptocurrency portfolio from week to
25:05
week and why
25:07
when you make some mad gains consider
25:09
supporting the channel by getting
25:10
yourself a hoodie or t-shirt from the
25:12
coin bureau merch store you can find it
25:15
down there in the video description
25:16
along with the links to all my official
25:18
socials
25:20
if you made it this far thank you so
25:22
much i look forward to seeing you again
25:24
and until then my friends
25:26
stay crypto
25:31
 
 

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